According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), stroke is the leading cause of serious long-term disability in the U.S. Strokes affect almost 800,000 Americans each year, killing more than 140,000. This makes stroke the fifth leading cause of death in the country. Chances are, you or someone you know has been affected by this condition. Fortunately, new studies have found that the inhalation of hydrogen gas may help to augment the primary treatment for strokes and significantly improve a stroke sufferer’s recovery and prognosis after care.

For patients who suffer from a stroke, early intervention can literally be the difference between life and death. The sooner treatment comes, the more fully patients are expected to recover. The CDC has found that patients who arrive at a medical facility and begin receiving care within three hours of their first symptoms often have less disability post-stroke than those whose care was delayed.

Stroke treatment varies according to the stroke type and cause. For ischemic stroke, which involves a blockage in the artery that carries blood to the brain, the medical team’s primary goal is to restore blood flow to the brain using clot-busting medications and procedures. A new study, published in the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases found that the addition of hydrogen gas inhalation to the initial treatment plan significantly increased and improved a patient’s recovery after stroke.

For the study, researchers evaluated 50 stroke patients who were brought to a medical facility within 24 hours from the onset of symptoms. Half of the patients were sorted into a control group and received standard medical treatment while the other half inhaled hydrogen gas for one hour twice daily in addition to the traditional care. Daily observations were recorded on each participant’s vital signs, blood chemistry, physical therapy indices, MRI imaging and NIHSS, or National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, scores over a 2-week period. NIHSS scores offer a standardized tool for diagnosing neurological impairment in stroke patients. These scores evaluate parameters such as vision, facial paralysis, major motor skills, speech, and attention.

Researchers found that the patients who inhaled hydrogen-rich gas in addition to receiving standard medical care had MRI imaging that showed pathological changes that were less severe and more quickly normalized than the participants in the control group. In addition, patients in the H2 group showed significant improvement in NIHSS scores and physical therapy indices over the 2-week study period compared to the control patients. These parameters indicated that the patients in the H2 group were more likely than their counterparts in the control group to return to activities of daily living within 2-weeks after having a stroke.

The study’s authors concluded, “[t]he inhalation of H2 gas was safe and effective in patients with acute cerebral infarction. Thus, H2-gas therapy has a potential for actual application in acute cerebral infarction as a novel and safe therapeutic treatment.”

This study found that the inhalation of H2 gas immediately after a stroke and in addition to standard medical care significantly improved and accelerated a patient’s recovery. That’s good news for the hundreds of thousands of Americans who may be affected by stroke this year.

Have you heard about hydrogen water? Numerous studies have shown that molecular hydrogen is a powerful antioxidant that helps to reduce oxidative stress and prevent or improve health issues throughout the body. Consumption of molecular hydrogen has been proven effective in the treatment of conditions such as heart disease, psoriasis, asthma, sleep apnea, and glaucoma, and new research shows that molecular hydrogen may also help to improve your metabolism, significantly reducing your risk for obesity and other metabolic conditions.

A 2011 study published in the scientific journal Obesity looked at the dynamic movement of hydrogen in the body, tracking the increase of hydrogen concentrations after consumption of hydrogen-rich water. Researchers found that hydrogen levels increased in the liver, improving liver health and reducing the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

The study also found that increased concentrations of hydrogen in the blood led to reduced levels of plasma glucose, insulin, and triglycerides – decreasing the risk for metabolic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Researchers noted that “long-term drinking H(2)-water significantly controlled fat and body weights,” even without changes to the subjects’ dietary intake.

How did consumption of molecular hydrogen help participants control fat and body weight? Researchers also looked at the affect that hydrogen had on gene expression profiles to see how the molecule was working at a cellular level. They noted that increased hydrogen levels led to the expression of a hormone in the liver called, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), which functions to enhance fatty acid and glucose expenditure. In other words, consumption of molecular hydrogen stimulated the metabolism and helped participants utilize glucose and fatty acids more quickly and efficiently.

This 2018 study, published in the Irish Journal of Medical Science, confirmed those results. In this study, researchers looked at the effects of molecular hydrogen on body composition, hormonal status, and mitochondrial function in middle-aged overweight women.

Half of the participants in the study consumed enriched levels of hydrogen while the other half were given a placebo. After four weeks, researchers found that the women who consumed hydrogen had significantly reduced body fat percentage and arm fat indices compared to the women who took the placebo. Women in the hydrogen group also had lower triglycerides and fasting blood insulin levels than the women in the placebo group. Researchers concluded that “orally administered H2…might be a beneficial agent in the management of body composition and insulin resistance in obesity.”

The research is clear that consumption of molecular hydrogen can help improve your metabolism and reduce the risk for obesity as well as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and other related health risks.

For most of us, our vision and eye health is something we take for granted. If our eyes hurt or our vision becomes blurry, we may seek treatment, but we rarely think about the diseases that could be affecting our ocular health each day. Yet from cataracts to diabetic retinopathy, many of these eye diseases have no early symptoms and progress without pain or vision loss until they reach an advanced stage.

Fortunately, there are a number of things you can do to protect your eyes and ward off ocular diseases. A recent medical review, published in Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, took a closer look at some common ocular conditions and how treatment with hydrogen gas and hydrogen-rich saline can help keep eyes healthy.

Cataracts

More than 24 million Americans over the age of 40 are affected by cataracts. The condition, which is characterized by a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, is the most common cause of blindness around the world. At present, the only treatment for cataracts involves surgery. But new research published in the journal Ophthalmic Research shows that hydrogen gas may help to delay the development of cataracts.

In the study, researchers found that exposure to molecular oxygen accelerated the development of cataracts. But molecular hydrogen neutralizes these reactive oxygen species (ROS) and prevents cataract development.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an ocular disease that affects roughly 45 percent of adults with diabetes, although according to the National Eye Institute, only half are aware they have the condition. In its early stages, the disease has few, if any, symptoms. But as it progresses, diabetic retinopathy can cause floaters, blurred vision, and vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by the leakage of blood and fluid into the retina as a result of blockages caused by the excess sugar in the blood. Studies have confirmed that ROS play a role in the development of this condition. So it’s not surprising that molecular hydrogen, thanks to its ability to neutralize ROS, may also help in the treatment of diabetes and subsequently, diabetic retinopathy.

According to the review, several studies, including this one published in Nutrition Research, have found that treatment with hydrogen-rich saline “improved lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance,” and served as a “valid candidate in further clinical treatment of [diabetic retinopathy.]”

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a disease that affects the optic nerve, also known as the central control system for your vision. Glaucoma develops when the fluid in the eye becomes blocked and the fluid pressure in ocular tissues increases. The resulting damage can cause vision loss and blindness.

Unfortunately, glaucoma often goes undetected until it has progressed to the point at which irreversible impairment is caused. However, a slew of recent studies (such as this one published in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science or this one from Molecular Medicine Reports), have found that treatment with hydrogen-rich saline protected the optic nerve and prevented the development of glaucoma.

The Eyes Have It

Don’t wait until you have issues with your vision to find out if your eyes are healthy. Get regular checkups and take a look at how molecular hydrogen can help protect your whole body, including your eyes, from disease.

Curious about molecular hydrogen and how it may help you? There are two ways to intake molecular hydrogen – by drinking hydrogen water (or water that has been infused with hydrogen,) or by inhaling hydrogen gas. For more info on drinking hydrogen water, you can check out this post. In this post, we will attempt to answer all of your questions about hydrogen gas including what it is, how much you need, and what the benefits are to using it.

What is hydrogen gas?

Hydrogen gas is essentially a gas that has been infused with hydrogen. It may come in the form of pure hydrogen gas, hydrogen mixed with oxygen, or a hydrogen/air mixture. Pure hydrogen gas and hydrogen/oxygen mixture (also called Brown’s gas) systems are the two most commonly available in the commercial marketplace, whereas hydrogen/air mixture machines are more frequently used in research settings.

What are the advantages of inhaling hydrogen gas?

Breathing hydrogen gas allows you to intake large quantities of molecular hydrogen in a short amount of time. Depending upon the condition you are hoping to target, you may need to consume very high levels of molecular hydrogen in order to receive therapeutic benefits. Inhaling hydrogen gas lets you take in much more molecular hydrogen per day than you could get from drinking hydrogen water alone. It also helps prevent the desensitization to hydrogen that may occur when the body is constantly exposed to low doses of molecular hydrogen via hydrogen water.

From a practical standpoint, hydrogen gas inhalation is a better method of hydrogen delivery for the elderly, people with kidney disorders, or anyone who may have a hard time drinking large quantities of water and/or getting up to use the restroom multiple times per day.

Another benefit to hydrogen gas inhalation is that studies show it does a better job of delivering molecular hydrogen to the circulatory system and yields higher concentrations of molecular hydrogen in organs and tissues than drinking hydrogen water. It also appears to be better suited for acute disorders, injuries, or diseases such as cardiac arrest, stroke, heart attack, or traumatic brain injuries.

What are the disadvantages?

Drinking hydrogen water has been shown in studies to produce more benefits in gene expression than inhaling hydrogen gas. Again, depending upon the condition you are hoping to target, drinking hydrogen water may be more beneficial to you than inhaling hydrogen gas as targeting gene expression is one of the many benefits of molecular hydrogen.

How much do you need?

When drinking hydrogen water, it’s helpful to look at the milligrams per liter to determine how much to ingest per day. Hydrogen gas inhalation works a little differently. To understand dosage you need to know the hydrogen gas flow rate and/or the hydrogen gas concentration percentage.

The flow rate will tell you how many milliliters of hydrogen gas are coming out of the product each minute. The faster the ml/min (milliliters per minute), the the faster the molecular hydrogen will saturate the blood and begin working in the body. A higher flow rate is more efficient at delivering hydrogen to the body and reducing the amount of hydrogen that is lost in the transfer from the system to the body.

The current scientific literature recommends a minimum flow rate of 120-240 ml/min to receive therapeutic benefits from hydrogen gas treatment. At the normal resting breathing rate, studies have shown that hydrogen gas inhalation works best when the hydrogen is 2-4% volume by concentration.

Where to learn more

Hopefully, this post answered your basic questions about hydrogen gas inhalation. For more information, check out this video by Tywon Hubbard on the 4 things you must know about hydrogen gas inhalation:

Do you regularly feel exhausted, even after a full night’s sleep? Do you fall asleep easily whenever you are sedentary throughout the day? Has your partner complained about your nightly snoring?

It’s possible that you might have sleep apnea, and it might be harming more than just your night’s sleep. Sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing stops and starts repeatedly throughout the night. It may happens a few times a night or multiple times per minute. In either case, the disorder hinders your ability to achieve a deep, restful night’s sleep.

Sleep apnea causes fatigue, headaches, irritability, and slowed reflexes. But it can also lead to potentially serious health consequences such as cardiac dysfunction (hypertension, heart failure, and atherosclerosis), type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and kidney disorders due to iron overload.

The most common treatment for sleep apnea is the use of a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine at night to keep airway passages open. New studies have also found promising results in the use of hydrogen to ameliorate some of the potential side effects of this condition.

A study published just a few months ago in the journal Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity looked at how the inhalation of hydrogen gas might help protect cardiac function in patients with sleep apnea. When oxygen levels are reduced due to sleep apnea, reactive oxygen species (or ROS) are generated within cells, causing oxidative stress. When this happens in the cells within the heart, the result is cardiac dysfunction in the form of hypertension, heart failure, and atherosclerosis.

Hydrogen is an anti-oxidant that is particularly effecivet at neutralizing ROS molecules. And due to its extremely small size, hydrogen can penetrate areas of the cell that other anti-oxidants cannot, providing protection from oxidative stress at all levels.

In this study, researchers concluded that hydrogen gas inhalation “could protect against the cardiac dysfunction and structural disorders,” induced by sleep apnea, noting that it was the specific ability of molecular hydrogen molecules to decrease ROS levels that was responsible for its protective effect on the heart.

In another study published in the journal Molecules, researchers looked at the effect of hydrogen gas inhalation on the kidneys, specifically kidneys that have been damaged by sleep apnea. Previous studies have shown elevated levels of iron in patients with sleep apnea. Researchers noted that this iron overload then causes oxidative stress which in turn leads to kidney damage. But in this study, researchers found that hydrogen gas inhalation protected the kidneys by preventing the buildup of iron and reducing oxidative stress.

If you have sleep apnea, talk to your doctor about the treatments that might help prevent this condition. And it’s worth taking a closer look at molecular hydrogen and how it might protect your body from this diseases’ damaging side effects.

How much do you know about your vascular health? You’ve probably heard big, scary words like atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis bantered around, but do you know what they mean and how they might affect you? Let’s take a deep dive into your vascular system and how hydrogen water may help to improve your vascular health.

Your vascular system

Also known as your circulatory system, your vascular system is comprised of the arteries and veins that carry blood throughout the body. Vascular diseases that block or weaken these blood vessels restrict blood flow and this can cause illness or even death.

Atherosclerosis and Arteriosclerosis

There are a number of diseases that can affect the vascular system. The most common is atherosclerosis, or the buildup of plaque along the inner walls of arteries. This buildup narrows the pathway that blood can travel and eventually leads to the thickening and hardening of arterial walls that is also known as arteriosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis restricts and blocks the flow of blood within the arteries and can lead to organ damage, a heart attack, or stroke.

What causes the buildup of plaque? There are a number of factors, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity that can lead to atherosclerosis and eventually arteriosclerosis. The buildup of plaque within the arteries is a slow, progressive process that health experts think could start as early as childhood.

Maintaining your vascular health

The best ways to prevent atherosclerosis and keep your vascular system healthy are to make lifestyle changes that improve your overall health, such as quitting smoking, eating nutritious foods, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting regular exercise.

Another way to prevent the buildup of plaque within your arteries is to drink hydrogen-infused water. Hydrogen is a potent anti-oxidant that can help to neutralize the free radicals, or Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) that cause inflammation and lead to plaque buildup. Two recent studies looked specifically at the effect of hydrogen water consumption on atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis.

This study, published in 2008, used staining dyes to measure plaque buildup in mice with atherosclerosis and found significant reductions after the mice had consumed hydrogen water for a period of 16 weeks. These findings were confirmed by another study, published just last year, that found that the molecular hydrogen in hydrogen water neutralized ROSs and reduced the vascular aging within the arteries that indicates atherosclerosis.

Your vascular system is critical to your overall health. Keep it healthy by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and drinking plenty of hydrogen-infused water.

Fancy waters are all the rage these days and many claim to have health benefits above and beyond what you would get from the tap. Two that are often confused with one another are alkaline water and hydrogen water. But only one of these waters can actually benefit your health. Here’s everything you need to know about alkaline water and hydrogen water and which one you should be drinking to live your best life.

What is alkaline water?

Alkaline water is water that has been specially formulated to increase its alkalinity, giving it a higher, less acidic pH. The theory behind alkaline water is that it can neutralize acids in the bloodstream and make the body less hospitable to the viruses and bacteria that could lead to disease.

The human body is designed to operate within a very tight blood pH range of 7.36 to 7.44. Remember that pH is measured on a scale of 0 (acidic) to 14 (alkaline.) A pH of 7 is neutral. Thus the blood pH for humans is slightly alkaline. So it would make sense that drinking alkaline water would help promote this alkaline environment, right?

It’s an interesting premise, but the theory doesn’t really hold water (excuse the pun.) Here’s why. You cannot alter the pH of your blood by consuming liquids that enter the digestive system. The second alkaline water hits the acidic environment of the stomach, it is neutralized and sent on its way. Alkaline water may affect the pH of your urine, but it cannot alter the pH of your blood; therefore it does not in any way affect what’s going on in your cells.

Also, it should be noted that the human body is designed to rigorously maintain blood pH within this narrow window. Even the slightest variation would signal the release of biological systems designed to restore balance. And a failure of the body to maintain blood pH would indicate health issues which could not be aided by the consumption of alkaline water.

Alkaline water can’t hurt, but it also can’t help. If you enjoy drinking it, great. But you’re better off saving your money.

What about hydrogen water?

Hydrogen water is water that is infused with extra hydrogen molecules. The theory here is that these extra hydrogen molecules can bond with free radicals and neutralize them before they wreak havoc within the cells. And due to their extremely small size, hydrogen molecules can enter parts of the cells that most anti-oxidants can’t, making them efficient at preventing disease and improving health.

Sound too good to be true? It’s not.

Researchers have begun studying the effects of hydrogen water on everything from improving athletic performance to controlling diabetes, to treating Alzheimer’s disease, and the results are overwhelmingly clear that hydrogen water delivers on its promises. By removing free radicals from the body, hydrogen water helps to reduce the inflammation that can harm overall health and eventually lead to disease.

The takeaway here is that drinking water is good for you. Drinking water that has been infused with hydrogen is even better.

Allergic rhinitis. Hay fever. Seasonal Allergies. Call it whatever name you like, if you suffer from it, you know it as the itchy, runny (or stuffy) nose and burning, watery eyes that occur whenever you are exposed to an allergen. For some, allergic rhinitis is triggered by seasonal factors such as mold spores, pollen, or grass, while others are affected by the condition year-round thanks to triggers such as dust mites, pet hair, or cigarette smoke.

For people with allergic rhinitis, treatment typically involves an array of medications – such as corticosteroids, antihistamines, nasal sprays, eye drops, and decongestants. New research shows that the inhalation of hydrogen gas may also help to significantly improve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis, potentially reducing the need for many if not all of these medications.

The study, which was published in the journal, Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, followed a group of 106 female mice with allergic rhinitis. For the study, the mice were divided into groups in which some acted as a control and were not exposed to hydrogen gas, some were exposed to a helium gas mixture, and some were given hydrogen gas for several hours each day over a one week period. At the end of the seven-day study period, all of the mice were observed for symptoms and given tissue and blood tests to determine levels of the proteins that might cause allergy symptoms.

The results? Researchers found that the mice who inhaled hydrogen gas showed a significant decrease in symptoms, reduced nasal inflammation, and decreased blood and tissue levels of the cytokines and chemokines that can cause allergy symptoms. Researchers concluded that “[T]reatment with H2 exhibited a beneficial effect on mouse health,” indicating that “H2 may have a therapeutic value for allergic diseases.”

This study confirms similar research, noted in this post, that found that molecular hydrogen helps to reduce or even prevent the symptoms of allergies by neutralizing the Reactive Oxygen Species (or ROS) that are produced by the body in response to allergens.

If you’re suffering from allergic rhinitis, put down those tissues and see if hydrogen gas is right for you.

Are you ready to do some math? Don’t worry, you won’t need to break out the pencil and calculator. But if you’re interested in learning more about how hydrogen water and hydrogen gas can improve your health, it’s important to know a but more about the numbers used in their production.

If you’re shopping for hydrogen products, you’ll notice that many list their hydrogen concentration production in ppm, or Parts Per Million. This means that for every million parts of a solution (in this case, water), there is one part hydrogen. This number tells you the hydrogen concentration, but you also need to know the amount of water you consumed in order to understand how much hydrogen you are ingesting each day.

Current research suggests that ingesting 1-3 mg (milligrams) of hydrogen may help to produce health benefits. So if you are in the market for a hydrogen product, you may see that it produces 3 ppm of hydrogen and think you are all set. But 3 ppm is not the same as 3 mg. In order to know how many milligrams of hydrogen you are consuming, you also need to know the volume of water that the product produces.

Let’s look at the H2 Life Hydrogen Water Bottle with PEM Dual chamber Technology, our best in its class hydrogen water bottle. This product produces 2.7 ppm of hydrogen per 300 ml of water. If you want to do the math, the formula looks like this:

1 PPM = 1mg 1 Liter (Remember that 300 ml = .3 Liters)

You can also use the calculators at H2 Hubb to calculate how much hydrogen you would ingest from each bottle. In this case, that would be 0.81 mg of hydrogen per 300 ml of water. That’s pretty good! You could drink anywhere from 1-4 bottles of water from this product each day to get the suggested 1 -3 mg of hydrogen. Compare that to a hydrogen water bottle that produces only 1 ppm of hydrogen and you could wind up drinking 10 bottles of water each day to ingest the recommended amount.

It’s important to note here that researchers don’t agree on the exact amount of hydrogen that will produce therapeutic benefits. Some studies have found that doses between 1.8-7.2 mg might be necessary, depending upon the disease that is targeted and the body chemistry of the patient.

The method of hydrogen ingestion may also play a role. You can breathe much more hydrogen via inhalation of hydrogen gas than you could ingest via drinking hydrogen water. But researchers are still trying to determine if (and why) certain diseases respond better to hydrogen gas inhalation while others respond better to hydrogen ingested in the form of hydrogen water.

Want more information on the math behind hydrogen water and hydrogen gas? Check out this video:

Video by Tywon Hubbard and H2Hubb.

The bottom line is that if you want to understand the role that hydrogen can play in your health, you need to look beyond the ppm on a product so that you can understand how much you are ingesting each day.

If you have asthma, or you know someone who does, you already know how quickly this disease can take your breath away. Asthma is a chronic respiratory ailment that affects the amount of air going into and out of the lungs.

For people with asthma, the airways of the lungs are always slightly inflamed. This swelling becomes even more pronounced when the asthma is triggered – by things such as pollution, allergens, cold air, exercise, or strong odors – making it difficult for patients with the condition to breathe. The result is coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and tightness in the chest.

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, more than 26 million Americans, including almost 10 percent of women, have asthma. Yet even though it is so common, there is no known cure for this condition.

The current methods of asthma treatment include prescription medications to reduce swelling in the lungs and lifestyle changes to prevent triggering the condition. And new research shows that the inhalation of hydrogen gas may also help to significantly reduce the symptoms of this chronic ailment.

In a new study, published in the journal Asthma Research and Practice, researchers looked at the use of hydrogen gas for the treatment of asthma. In animal tests that were repeated three times, mice with asthma inhaled hydrogen gas for 60 minutes each day over a seven-day period. At the end of the week, the study’s authors found “that inhalation of hydrogen gas protects against asthma in mouse models by improving lung function, ameliorating mucus production and decreasing inflammation and oxidative stress markers.”

This study isn’t the first to show the benefits that hydrogen gas inhalation can have on lung health. Dozens of studies, including this 2018 study published in the Journal of Thoracic Disease and this 2015 study published in the Journal of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, have looked at the therapeutic effects of hydrogen gas inhalation on respiratory conditions such as cigarette-induced COPD and pulmonary hypertension. Each has concluded that the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties of molecular hydrogen make it an excellent addition to any treatment plan aimed at improving respiratory health.

Molecular hydrogen is a potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant agent that has produced promising results when used in the treatment of various diseases, such as diabetes, psoriasis, and Alzheimer’s disease. Thanks to its small size, hydrogen can enter parts of the cells that are impenetrable to other molecules. This makes it particularly effective at halting and reversing the oxidative damage within the body that can lead to inflammation.

By reducing inflammation within the lungs, hydrogen gas inhalation may help to significantly prevent or reduce the symptoms of asthma. That’s a much needed breath of fresh air for those who suffer from this condition.